weblogUpdates.ping Taneak Jang, Rejang Land, Tanah Rejang http://rejang-lebong.blogspot.com Taneak Jang, Rejang land, Tanah Rejang: FORT MARLBOROUGH: GRANDIOSE GARRISON OF BRITISH EAST INDIA COMPANY Part I

FORT MARLBOROUGH: GRANDIOSE GARRISON OF BRITISH EAST INDIA COMPANY Part I

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By Mr. Mahandis Yoanata

We’re coming just about the time of their Ramazan or time of fasting…
He must therefore, as the rest had done, swear upon the Alcoran
to be true and faithful to the Right Honorable Company

(Benjamin Bloome, Merchant Head of EIC in Bencoolen 1686-90)

The Demilune Principal Entrance Port


ON MISSION


Did you know that three of Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles’ four children died in Bencoolen between 1818 – 1824? Fair enough, Bencoolen was malaria-ridden coast and for the reason it was a graveyard for company officers.

Bencoolen was located in the southern part of west coast Sumatra, and it was the only one British colony in Sumatra in period 1685 – 1824 for direct source of spices in South East Asia. With the establishment of a trading factory, it became necessary to provide a small military force to protect the Company's property and civil servants.

Since the Dutch expelled the British East India Company (EIC) in Bantam 1682, EIC was looking for other emerald a long West Coast Sumatra. Finally, EIC established a long-running pepper-trading center and settled their first garrison, Fort York, in the estuary of Serut River Bencoolen in 1685. Subsequently, in 1714-19 they built grandiose garrison near the coastline named Fort Marlborough, and then left the previous garrison. Other garrison was also built in Moco Moco, Fort Anne about 1760s.

The name of “Marlborough” was honored to John Churchill, a prominent British soldier, commander-in-chief, and political leader whose career spanned the reigns of five monarchs throughout 1667–1722. Since his loyal service, John Churchill was honored the "Duke of Marlborough".

It is my primary objective in Bencoolen, observing the largest British fortress in South-East Asia, Fort Marlborough on 18th – 19th of July 2009 with John Verbeek and his family.


TOPOGRAPHY MAP OF BENCOOLEN
Source: Kaart van het Eiland Sumatra - Carte de l'Isle de Sumatra 1753


CITY MAP OF BENCOOLEN 1924
Source: “Hoofdplaats Bengkoeloe 1924” Batavia: Topografische inrichting 1924



AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH OF FORT MARLBOROUGH
Bird’s View of the Fort Marlborough
Source: Google Earth

Content:
  • Part I : On Mission at link
  • Part II : The Architecture of Fort Marlborough at link
  • Part III : Who is first Duke of Marlborough at link
  • Part IV : The history East India Company (EIC) and first fleet into Bencoolen at link
  • Part V : The soldier of British East India Company at link
  • Part VI : The first garrison : Remnants of Fort York at link
  • Part VII : The second garrison : Chronicles of Fort Marlborough at link
  • Part VIII : The Bencoolen Administrator 1685 – 1825 at link
  • Part IX : Anglo - Dutch treaty and the terminated colony at link
  • Part X : References at link
  • Part XI : Gallery Photo Fort Marlborough at link


Credit :

MY ODYSSEY (Personal site mr. Mahandis Yoanata)
to allow publish at http://rejang-lebong.blogspot.com
(Rejang Land Blog)


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