By Mr. Mahandis Yoanata
EAST INDIA COMPANY (EIC)
AND FIRST FLEET INTO BENCOOLEN
The first trading post, known as a station or factory, was set up at Surat on the Indian’s West Coast (Bombay Presidency) around 1612 and the second at Fort St. George (Madras Presidency) 1640.
The first British East Indiamen anchored in Bencoolen in 1685, lead by Ralph Ord and William Cowley. Under the command of Captain J. Andrew, there were The Caesar, The Resolution, and The Defense. The EIC's influence spread with Fort York (1685–1719) and continued in Fort Marlborough (1719–1824), both established in Bencoolen, West Coast of Sumatra.
Other factories were established in the Prince of Wales Island (Penang), Singapore, Malacca, Java, Borneo, Celebes, Siam (Thailand), Persia (Iran) and the Persian Gulf, Macao and Whampoa (China), and St. Helena.
- Part I : On Mission at link
- Part II : The Architecture of Fort Marlborough at link
- Part III : Who is first Duke of Marlborough at link
- Part IV : The history East India Company (EIC) and first fleet into Bencoolen at link
- Part V : The soldier of British East India Company at link
- Part VI : The first garrison : Remnants of Fort York at link
- Part VII : The second garrison : Chronicles of Fort Marlborough at link
- Part VIII : The Bencoolen Administrator 1685 – 1825 at link
- Part IX : Anglo - Dutch treaty and the terminated colony at link
- Part X : References at link
- Part XI : Gallery Photo Fort Marlborough at link
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