weblogUpdates.ping Taneak Jang, Rejang Land, Tanah Rejang http://rejang-lebong.blogspot.com Taneak Jang, Rejang land, Tanah Rejang: FORT MARLBOROUGH: GRANDIOSE GARRISON OF BRITISH EAST INDIA COMPANY Part IV

FORT MARLBOROUGH: GRANDIOSE GARRISON OF BRITISH EAST INDIA COMPANY Part IV

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By Mr. Mahandis Yoanata

THE HISTORY
EAST INDIA COMPANY (EIC)
AND FIRST FLEET INTO BENCOOLEN



~Establishment~

The East India Company (EIC) was the oldest among several similarly formed European East India Companies, the Company was granted an English Royal Charter, under the name Governor and Company of Merchants of London Trading into the East Indies, by Elizabeth I on 31 December 1600. The original object of the group of merchants involved was to break the Dutch monopoly of the spice trade with the East Indies. Therefore, EIC formed for the exploitation of trade with East and Southeast Asia and India.

The first trading post, known as a station or factory, was set up at Surat on the Indian’s West Coast (Bombay Presidency) around 1612 and the second at Fort St. George (Madras Presidency) 1640.





The East Indiamen were ships operating under charter or license to any of the East India Companies of the major European trading powers of the 17th through the 19th centuries. They were designed to carry both passengers and goods and to defend themselves against piracy, and so constituted a special class of ship.

The first British East Indiamen anchored in Bencoolen in 1685, lead by Ralph Ord and William Cowley. Under the command of Captain J. Andrew, there were The Caesar, The Resolution, and The Defense. The EIC's influence spread with Fort York (1685–1719) and continued in Fort Marlborough (1719–1824), both established in Bencoolen, West Coast of Sumatra.

Other factories were established in the Prince of Wales Island (Penang), Singapore, Malacca, Java, Borneo, Celebes, Siam (Thailand), Persia (Iran) and the Persian Gulf, Macao and Whampoa (China), and St. Helena.





Content:
  • Part I : On Mission at link
  • Part II : The Architecture of Fort Marlborough at link
  • Part III : Who is first Duke of Marlborough at link
  • Part IV : The history East India Company (EIC) and first fleet into Bencoolen at link
  • Part V : The soldier of British East India Company at link
  • Part VI : The first garrison : Remnants of Fort York at link
  • Part VII : The second garrison : Chronicles of Fort Marlborough at link
  • Part VIII : The Bencoolen Administrator 1685 – 1825 at link
  • Part IX : Anglo - Dutch treaty and the terminated colony at link
  • Part X : References at link
  • Part XI : Gallery Photo Fort Marlborough at link

Credit :

MY ODYSSEY (Personal site mr. Mahandis Yoanata)
to allow publish at http://rejang-lebong.blogspot.com
(Rejang Land Blog)

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