weblogUpdates.ping Taneak Jang, Rejang Land, Tanah Rejang http://rejang-lebong.blogspot.com Taneak Jang, Rejang land, Tanah Rejang: Rediscovery Schneider's Pitta (Pitta schneideri)

Rediscovery Schneider's Pitta (Pitta schneideri)

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Sebelum di temukan kembali di TNKS burung ini pernah dilaporkan berada di temukan di Tanah Rejang Gunung Kaba dekat Suban Ayam 1200m dpl, June–July 1916(Robinson and Kloss 1924a) link

Paok Schneider Pitta schneideri. Ditemukan kembali tahun 1980-an setelah menghilang dari pengamatan pakar burung selama hampir 100 tahun jenis burung pemalu ini merupakan salah satu dari jenis yang sangat digemari di TNKS. Hanya sedikit yang diketahui tentang kebiasaan jenis burung ini dan sampai saat ini belum pernah ditemukan sarangnya. Burung ini berbiak di Gunung Kerinci dan Gunung Tujuh, dimana burung yang masih muda (berbercak-bercak) kadang-kadang terlihat sekelibat di jalan setapak. Foto disamping memperlihatkan burung betina. Burung jantan mempunyai kepala seperti buah berangan yang terang dan punggung berwarna biru yang indah sekali.
Schneider's Pitta
Schneider's Pitta Pitta schneideri - Adult male

Kingdom Animalia -- Animal, animals, animaux
Phylum Chordata -- chordates, cordado, cordés
Subphylum Vertebrata -- vertebrado, vertebrates, vertébrés
Class Aves -- Birds, oiseaux
Order Passeriformes -- passereaux, Perching Birds
Family Pittidae
Genus Pitta Vieillot, 1816
Species Pitta schneideri Hartert, 1909 -- Schneider's Pitta


Schneider's Pitta - BirdLife Species Factsheet


Schneider's Pitta
Schneider's Pitta Pitta schneideri - Female

2008 IUCN Red List Category (as evaluated by BirdLife International - the official Red List Authority for birds for IUCN): Vulnerable

Justification This enigmatic ground-dweller is classified as Vulnerable because it is precautionarily judged to have a small population, which is likely to be declining as a result of habitat loss and agricultural encroachment.

Family/Sub-family Pittidae

Species name author Hartert, 1909

Taxonomic source(s) Sibley and Monroe (1990, 1993)

Identification 22 cm. Medium-large, elusive, forest-dwelling pitta. Male has bright blue mantle, wing-coverts, rump and tail. Blackish-brown wings. Rest of plumage rusty-brown, paler on throat and warmest on crown and nape. Black line through eye to rear of ear-coverts. Variable black breast-band and collar. Female lacks black collar and has brown mantle. Similar spp. Giant Pitta P. caerulea is larger with more massive bill, colder brown on head and black on crown. Voice Low, rather soft, drawn out, double whistle, rising on the first note and falling on the second. Hints Walk along forest trails at dawn.

Population estimate

Population trend

Range estimate (breeding/resident)

Country endemic?

2,500-9,999

decreasing

66,100 km2

Yes


Range & population Pitta schneideri is endemic to the island of Sumatra, Indonesia, where its known range spans a large part of the Barisan range (from Gunung Sibayak, North Sumatra, to Gunung Dempu, South Sumatra). Historically it was very common in the Gunung Kerinci area, but a period of over 70 years followed before it was rediscovered on the mountain in 1988. Camera trapping at Bukit Barasan Selatan National Park has recorded the species as often as Banded Pitta Pitta guajana which is not considered to be a rare species. True distribution and abundance remains poorly understood owing primarily to a lack of survey effort in many areas of potentially suitable forest, but improved knowledge of its call may lead to further sites being discovered in the future.

Important Bird Areas Click here to view map showing IBAs where species is recorded and triggers any of the IBA criteria.

Schneider's Pitta

Schneider's Pitta Pitta schneideri - Juvenile

Ecology It inhabits the floor and undergrowth of primary and selectively logged, tropical lower and upper montane rainforest, from 900 m to 2,400 m. It is generally unobtrusive, being encountered singly or in pairs (unless with accompanying young) in tangled undergrowth or along forest trails. It is assumed to be resident, although it may perhaps make local altitudinal movements.

Threats The main pressure is imposed by habitat destruction. At least a third of montane rainforest on Sumatra has already been lost as a result of agricultural encroachment and logging. This is affecting large areas of lower montane rainforest, even within protected areas. Kerinci-Seblat National Park, for example, was cited in 1984 as one of the 10 most threatened protected areas in the Indo-Malayan Realm, owing to illegal encroachment of farming. At Gunung Singgalang, forest had been cleared up to 1,800-1,900 m as early as 1917, and indeed all recent records are from areas of broken forest with a high pressure from agriculture on their peripheries. In addition, this species may be susceptible to hunting with air-rifles and snares set for mammals and larger ground-foraging birds.

Conservation measures underway It has been nominally protected under Indonesian law since 1931. There are recent records from Kerinci-Seblat National Park and the Bukit Dingin/Gunung Dempu Protection Forest. There are over 20 protected areas in the Barisan Mountains, but most of these receive no management.

Schneider's Pitta

Schneider's Pitta Pitta schneideri - Juvenile

Conservation measures proposed Conduct surveys for the species (ensuring familiarity with its vocalisations to aid detection) to establish its distribution, status and ecological requirements. Propose key sites for establishment as protected areas, or as extensions to existing reserves. Ensure effective management for Sumatran protected areas. Promote a widespread conservation awareness campaign in the Barisan Mountains aimed at reducing rates of forest loss through shifting cultivation.

References BirdLife International (2001).

http://rudiegusteno.multiply.com/journal/item/6/Burung-burung_Endemik_di_Taman_Nasional_Kerinci_Seblat
http://animalpicturesarchive.com/list.php?lang=kr&qry=pitta%20schneideri
http://orientalbirdimages.org
http://itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=562243

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